The PRAXIS II Early Childhood: Content Knowledge (0022) exam is sometimes a certification requirement for graduates seeking employment in early childhood education. The two-hour test contains 120 multiple-choice questions regarding language and literacy, math, social studies, science, health and physical education, and the arts. Although the PRAXIS II Early Childhood: Content Knowledge test focuses on candidate knowledge of these subjects within the context of what children learn, the test is more about major ideas, skills, and tools of inquiry in these content areas than pedagogy. Calculators may not be used during the PRAXIS II Early Childhood: Content Knowledge test. Not all questions count toward the exam score.
Health and Physical Education
The health and physical education portion of the PRAXIS II Early Childhood Content Knowledge exam contains nine percent of the test’s questions. Health questions focus on these areas: the social, physical, and emotional influences on health; the major systems of the body; health’s influence upon learning and development; health risks to children; the promotion of health and wellness; and the prevention of disease.
Physical education questions the PRAXIS II Early Childhood: Content Knowledge exam concern motor skills; body concepts, such as agility; physically fitness; the affect of physical activity upon learning and development; and the influence of emotional, social, and physical factors on physical activity.
Creative and Performing Arts
The creative and performing arts section of the PRAXIS II Early Childhood: Content Knowledge exam, like the health and physical education portion, contains nine percent of the test’s questions. Topics include the purposes of art and ways of responding to art. Questions may also test knowledge of basic concepts in dance, music, theater, and visual art.
Science questions make up 13 percent of all questions on the PRAXIS II Early Childhood: Content Knowledge exam. Life science, space and Earth science, physical science, and scientific inquiry are the primary topics.
Thirteen percent of all questions also deal with social studies. Topics on this section of the PRAXIS II Early Childhood: Content knowledge test include cultures and cultural identity, individual identity, historical chronology, the environment and people, and government and civics.
Math is the focus of 25 percent of the questions on the PRAXIS II Early Childhood: Content Knowledge test. Reasoning skills, data, geometry/spatial sense, measurement, and numbers and operations are among the subjects tested. Specific questions may deal with two and three-dimensional shapes, measurement systems, problem solving, number relationships, and simple ways to collect and analyze data.
Language and Literacy
With 31 percent of the total questions, the language and literacy portion of the PRAXIS II Early Childhood: Content Knowledge exam constitutes the largest test section. Specific topics are language development, reading and literature, writing, and spelling. The language development section concerns phonetics, oral language development in monolingual and bilingual children, symptoms of language disorders, as well as other topics. Reading and literature questions concern, among other subjects, the alphabetic principle, steps in learning to read, word acquisition strategies, reading comprehension strategies, selecting literature for children, and symptoms of reading disorders. Spelling questions deal with learning to spell, and the writing portion of the PRAXIS II Early Childhood: Content Knowledge test concerns learning to write Standard English.